Estonia is considered to be a leading nation in the adoption of blockchain technology. Estonia citizens and e-residents are issued a cryptographically secure digital ID card powered by blockchain infrastructure on the backend, allowing access to various public services. On a blockchain platform, citizens can verify the integrity of the records held on them in government databases and control who has access to them. Earlier this year, Nasdaq successfully completed a trial in Estonia that will enable company shareholders to use a blockchain voting system.

Estonia is also adopting blockchain technology to secure the country’s 1 million health records. Every update and access to healthcare records is registered on the blockchain, preventing medical fraud and making it impossible for hackers to hide their trail. It also provides real-time alerts to attacks, enabling the government to respond to incidents immediately before large-scale damages occur.

X-road Introduction video (03:32)